Planning A Route
Where to Go
As important as it is to have a reliable bike and packing as light as you can, choosing the right route is perhaps the key to your enjoyment - whether this involves forging your own path or following an existing one. Here are some useful tools to help you make an informed decision.
Be it short or long, bikepacking routes fall into one of two categories: 1. The Loop, which starts and ends at the same place; 2. The Through Route, which is linear in nature, and requires an additional logistical component if returning to the start.
1. The Loop
As its name implies, a loop starts and finishes at the same place - a basecamp, airport, or parking area. For time and tactical reasons, loops are often preferred by bikepackers, especially on shorter trips. Here are a few popular loops:
2. The Through Route
Through routes usually require transportation from the route’s terminus to the starting point, once completed, or to a different location altogether. Connecting through routes is great when traveling on a longer trip, but if time is a constraint, the added logistical challenge can be cumbersome. Transport may include hitchhiking, a planned shuttle (dropping one car off at the end), or public transportation (train, bus, taxi, etc.). Here are several well known through routes:
Finding Your Way
To get the most from your bikepacking adventures, we highly recommend familiarizing yourself with Google Earth and other forms of digital mapping, like Topofusion. It may seem overwhelming at first but trust us - it will all start to make sense! While traditional paper maps are great for planning and provide crucial backups on the trail, a Garmin or GPS-enabled smartphone (teamed with a top maps app like Gaia) are invaluable tools. Becoming comfortable with them will broaden your horizons immeasurably, as well as helping to maintain the flow of your ride, especially on singletrack. The site is packed with an ever-growing resource of routes to suit all abilities; just download a gpx file, install, and go!
Although a little cumbersome to carry, paper maps are perfect for planning a ride, and can also provide a useful backup to their electronic equivalents out on the trail. Dolorme’s state by state Atlas and Gazetteer series is an excellent way of discovering lesser traveled paved and unpaved roads in your area. National Geographic Trails Illustrated maps are recommended for National Forests and surroundings, as are US Forest Service maps. Most are made of waterproof vinyl material. Overseas, companies to look for include ITM, Reise Know How and Gizi. Try cross referencing a few, selecting a few grids and comparing the level of detail in each.
GPS or Smarthphone?
For many bikepacking adventures, GPS navigation is a requisite part of the trip. A dedicated GPS unit is built to handle rough terrain and mixed weather conditions, and work especially well when following singletrack. The reliable eTrex 20 is a well priced model that’s perfect for the job. However, Smartphones make an excellent alternative, especially when housed in a protective case. Although their suffer from a shorter battery life, and they have to be handled more carefully, they’re far easier more intuitive to use. Gaia’s topo map navigational app is amongst the best on offer; it’s $20 download fee includes USGS Topo maps for North America, as well as a selection of OSM basemaps for around the world. Maps can be downloaded onto the device, allowing the phone to be used as a GPS where there is no cell coverage.
Keeping Gizmos Charged
If you’re following a route and using controls sparingly, Garmin’s eTrex 20 should last you a few days of riding. For short trips, spare lithium batteries will do. For extended trips, consider bringing rechargeable AAs - powered either by a wall socket, solar panel or a dynamo hub, allowing you to charge batteries on the go. Alternatively, use a USB-powered device, like a Garmin Edge or Smart phone. Again, these can be quick and conveniently charged via the wall socket in a gas station and a solar panel when conditions are sunny. Hub dynamos, used in conjunction with a device like Sinewave’s Revolution, are especially effective. Use them to charge a buffer battery, to top up your phone at the end of the day.
- Intro to Dynamo, coming soon...
Google Earth... What an incredible tool! The ability to view detailed satellite imagery from the comforts of your home, or out on the trail with your smartphone, is a game changer when it comes to remote bikepacking. Call upon it to scope out an area you intend to visit, and see how suitable it is to biking. Or use it to create a route in an area bereft of quality maps, and then uploaded the file to your GPS.