The Great Divide Mountain Bike Route (GDMBR) Planning Guide
Matt and Brett
A View From Two Wheels
The GDMBR, developed and mapped in 1997 by the Adventure Cycling Association, is approximately 2,700 miles long and is considered to be the birthplace of bikepacking as a sport. The route follows the Continental Divide and is 90% off-pavement using high-quality dirt roads, gravel roads, trails, and a few short sections of unmaintained tracks. Bikepacking the GDMBR requires only intermediate off-road mountain biking skills, but it is a painstaking test of endurance based on the sheer scale of the route, with over 200,000 feet (60,960 meters) of elevation gain and loss.
The GDMBR is routed through a cross-section of the American West defined by spectacular scenery, a variety of landscapes, historic mountain towns, and boundless remote wilderness. Highlights include the Flathead Valley in Alberta, Grand Teton National Park, the Great Divide Basin in Wyoming, South Park, Boreas Pass in Colorado, Polvadera Mesa, and the Gila Wilderness in New Mexico. Colorado’s Indiana Pass, at 11,910 feet (3630 meters), is the highest point on the route. Throughout the route riders encounter wild river valleys, remote mountain wilderness, open grasslands, high desert, and towards the southern end of the route, an amazing span through the Chihuahuan Desert.
The route is best known for the Tour Divide, an annual self-supported race. In this event, the race clock runs 24 hours a day and riders are allowed no outside support other than access to public facilities such as stores, motels, and bike shops. The record time to complete the Tour Divide is 15 days, 16 hours and 14 minutes and was set in 2012 by Jay Petervary. The Tour Divide has been raced and completed on both single speed bicycles and tandem bicycles. The race, which has neither entry fees nor prizes, usually starts in the second weekend of June.
Getting Started (A Planning Guide)
Planning to ride the GDMBR? The guide below is based on our experiences planning and riding the GDMBR. Use it as a starting point for planning your journey…
Getting There and Getting Started
The best way to get to Banff is to fly into the Calgary International Airport (YYC). Banff is approximately 80 miles (125 km) west of Calgary. From the airport there are a few options to get to Banff. You can rent a car, hire a shuttle, or ride. We decided that it would be easiest to rent a car and split the cost between two people. This allowed us the freedom to choose a starting point own and travel at our leisure.
Once in Banff, a small, posh mountain resort town, we found a parking structure and set about assembling the bikes and kits. There are a few bike shops in town, and if you need any help or last minute supplies, we highly recommend visiting the friendly people at Snowtips-Bactrax. We encourage you to allow yourself more time than you think for last minute errands. We found ourselves running out of daylight after grocery shopping and bike building delays. It may be helpful to book a room at one of the many hostels in town. If you go this route, reserve in advance, because the lodging in town is not cheap! We ended up riding a little out of town to Tunnel Mountain Campgrounds, which was also a touch expensive.
Weather and When To Go
During our travels we woke up with frost on our tent a few times. But, with sleeping bags rated to 20 degrees we were fine. Layering is a necessity, and if you are packing ultralight, consider a sleeping bag liner for higher elevations.
If you decide to travel during June or early July, be aware that you will most likely experience snow in the high mountain passes. Also, if places along the route experienced heavy snow that season, the rivers and streams may be much higher than normal.
Fortunately we experienced zero mechanicals during the route. The only things that broke were our racks. Packlists will vary by riding style, goal completion time, and skill level, but, for what it’s worth, this is our complete list:
Clothing from Kitsbow
- 2 X Jersey – one Polo, one ventilated riding jersey
- 2x overshorts
- 1x ventilated undershorts
- Arm/knee warmers
- Wind Vest
- Racing bibs
- Giro Merino base layer
- Giro Insulated vest
- Giro Terraduro Shoes
- Giro Full fingered Gloves
- t shirt
- 3 socks
- Icebreaker merino long underwear/top
- Rain Jacket
- Rain Shorts
- Tent: Sierra Designs lightning 2
- Sleeping Bag: Enlightened Equipment Revelation Pro 850 Drydown Quilt
- Sleeping Pad: Thermarest prolight.
- Cooking: Solo Stove x 2
- 8 inch cook pan
- Headlamp from Black Diamond
- Katadyn Hiker Pro Water Pump Filter
- Battery bank for charging devices
- Garmin 500
- Sinewaves Revolution USB Dynamo Charging Device
- Kindle – with Cycling the Great Divide Guidebook by Michael McCoy
- ACA Mapset
- Frame: Surly Ogre Medium
- Fork: Surly Ogre
- Headset: Cane Creek 40
- Stem: Thomson Elite X4</li>
- Handlebar: Salsa Bend
- Shifter: Shimano SLX
- Grips: Ergon GC1
- Seatpost: Thomson Elite
- Saddle: Brooks Cambium
- Seat Clamp: Blue Salsa
- Front Hub: Shimano Alfine DH-S501 32h
- Rear hub: Shimano XT 32h
- Rims: Blue Velocity Blunt 35
- Tires: Maxxis Ardent 2.25
- Cranks: Shimano SLX 36/28
- Pedals: Shimano spd
- Bottom Bracket: Shimano
- Cassette: Shimano 11-36
- Chain: Shimano HG54
- Brakes & Levers: Shimano XT hydraulic
- Light: Supernova E3 Triple
- Racks: I’d highly recommend Tubus or Racktime
- Frame Bag: Surly branded Revelate
- Seat Bag: Revelate Pika
- Handlebar Bag: Swift Industries Paloma
- Cage: Salsa Anything Cage
- Panniers: Ortlieb Front Roller
- Additional: 2 Seal Line Nimbus Stuff Sacks
Resources and Resupplying
The GDMBR passes through some larger towns, including Helena and Butte, Montana, Pinedale and Rawlins, Wyoming, Steamboat Springs, Breckenridge, Salida, and Del Norte, Colorado, and Grants and Silver City, New Mexico. Otherwise, it’s the occasional small town, with a limited variety of goods and services available to riders.
Tip: Before the Great Basin, stock up properly in Pinedale… Atlantic city was completely closed when we passed through.
Tip: The Diagnus well in the GB is really easy to miss. Really pay close attention to your milage. It could have changed by now, but look for piled up rocks and a stick with a bright colored tip.
Tip: Hopewell Lake campground has very delicious water, great place to fill up and listen to coyotes at night.
Tip: Toaster House in Pie Town
Camping and Lodging
There are quite a few options for lodging through WarmShowers.org along the route. Check them out in advance and download the app to figure out as you are on the ride.
Also, take advantage of the cyclist only lodging listed on the map as much as possible. Some of them are truly magical.
Tip: Be sure to call ahead for the cyclist only lodging after Lincoln and just before Helena. It is HIGHLY recommended to stay the night there. Brush Mountain Lodge is also a must. Very affordable and the crew there is incredible, very knowledgable and supportive of the GDMBR. Also, a jaccuzzi.
Navigation and Guides
Both the guidebook and map offer a couple of route alternates. We usually rode the original route but a few times we had to either make up time and take a paved alternate or create our own alternate to avoid impassible sections that resulted from monsoon rains.
Before you set off, it is crucial to check Adventure Cycling Association’s updated Addenda. Throughout the season, riders contact ACA about current route conditions and offer helpful reroutes for impassable sections. We forgot to do this early on and ran into a deadend created by a massive washout. To avoid significant backtracking, we twice forded a massive river. Also, check the Temporary ACA Route Road Closures forum thread for more up to date issues.
Tip: Take the map and guide book with a bit of skepticism and prepare for the worst. Towns might be closed (Atlantic City and Pie Town were both closed down for us), important creeks for water might be dry, and you will be climbing a lot, even if it doesnt say it.
Tip: The roads in New Mexico are the most primitive and washboarded of the whole route. Use caution. We rode on fully rigid rigs and were wished we had front suspension or a thud buster seatpost most of the ride… especially in New Mexico. A 29+ bike may be ideal, although some sections the extra fat could definitely slow you down.
Getting Back from Antelope Wells
Additional Links and Resources
- Adventure Cycling Association (GDMBR)
- 2015 Winner Josh Kato’s Tour Divide Gear List & Salsa Fargo
- Ride the Divide, the web site about the film
- TourDivide.org a web site about the annual race
- Paula and Scott’s Divide route (plus updated GPX files)
- Wikipedia (GDMBR)
- Look for Matt and Brett’s photo book about riding the GDMBR on their site (coming soon)
- Temporary ACA Route Road Closures (forum thread)
2,696 Mi.(4,339 KM)
% Rideable (time)