Cones and Canyons: Peru Divide (P3A)

  • Distance

    474 Mi.

    (763 KM)
  • Days


  • % Unpaved


  • % Singletrack


  • Difficulty (1-10)


  • % Rideable (time)


  • Total Ascent


    (16,289 M)
  • High Point


    (5,182 M)
Cones and Canyons is a high elevation route that connects Arequipa, one of the country's most appealing cities, with the rest of the Peru Divide. En route, it winds its way past the world's deepest canyon, before hurdling a medley of 5000m passes to a backdrop of white-capped volcanoes. It can be seen as a wonderful two to three-week standalone ride, or a highlight within the longer Andean Traverse.
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Beginning in Arequipa – a relaxed base to ease your way into Peru’s way of life – Cones and Canyons strikes north towards the pampa by way of a stout 1700m climb, a challenge best taken gently and split in two to allow in the interests of acclimatisation. The route initially runs between a corridor of volcanoes, 5800m Misti being the most prominent, before passing the turnoff to the popular Colca Canyon (Chivay can be used as a base if further rest is needed). Instead, it peels away towards the small highland settlement of Cayloma, a perfect spot to take a day off the bike and help acclimatise for the next pass of the trip, one that’s reached by the road to Mina Shilas, a mine that is currently being decommissioned.

Once crested, Peru’s diversity is showcased in the ensuing rough and ready descent, funnelling riders out of the mineral-streaked pampa and into the Valle de Los Volcanes, on a dirt road then wends between San Pedro Cacti and lunar-like rock formations. A new paved road is being built through the valley, so catch this beautiful are soon while it’s still quiet and largely bereft of fellow tourists.

  • peru el silencio bikepacking feature
  • Cones and Canyons, Peru Divide, Andes Traverse Bikepacking Route P3A
  • Cones and Canyons, Peru Divide, Andes Traverse Bikepacking Route P3A

A spectacular high pampa traverse forms a highlight of this first part of the ride, passing by apachetas – the traditional stone cairns that mark offerings to the Incan gods – and a smattering of tiny settlements that house alpaca herders, their animals roaming this 4000m plateau. Here, the towering Nevado Coropuna and Nevado Solimana, both well over 6000m, form impressive points of reference.

The approximate halfway point of this route comes in the form of Cotohuasi, nestled deep in the valley far below and a gateway to what’s generally considered to be the deepest canyon in the world; an impressive, river-eroded chasm that runs between the two enormous mountain massifs, as enjoyed the day prior. El Cañón de Cotahuasi’s stats just pip Colca to the post – at 3354 meters deep, it’s over twice the depth of the Grand Canyon, albeit over a much longer distance. Thanks to its awkward access from Arequipa and Lima, this is an area that sees just a handful of tourists, in stark contrast to the gringo melee of neighbouring Colca.

Andes Traverse

Route Development

The Peru Divide is a bikepacking route that forms part of the greater Andes Traverse, an ongoing project to build a long distance route that runs along the spine of the Andes, between Colombia and Chile.

For this segment, great thanks are owed the Pikes on Bikes and Ryan Wilson for laying down all the groundwork. As is, this route allows for easy onwards travel northwards along the complete Peru Divide, or east towards Cusco, whilst also offering a great start/end point by way of Arequipa. Many regional permutations are also possible; see the Andes By Bike website for other options. .

  • Cones and Canyons, Peru Divide, Andes Traverse Bikepacking Route P3A
  • Cones and Canyons, Peru Divide, Andes Traverse Bikepacking Route P3A
  • Cones and Canyons, Peru Divide, Andes Traverse Bikepacking Route P3A
  • Cones and Canyons, Peru Divide, Andes Traverse Bikepacking Route P3A
  • Cones and Canyons, Peru Divide, Andes Traverse Bikepacking Route P3A

Cotohuasi also forms a welcome respite from the high altitude pampa. Cupped by steep rocky walls, its surrounded by fields of colourful quinoa and replete with fresh fruit delivered from the depths of the canyon. A lush and impressively high single drop waterfall is also well worth the side trip. Stock up and recharge in Cotahuasi because from here it’s time to climb back into the treeless tundra… prepare yourself for running a 130km gauntlet along rugged mining roads, staying above 4,500m and crossing five 5,000m passes in close succession. But the oxygen-depleted effort is more than worth it. This stretch is undoubtedly amongst the Peruvian Andes’ most beautiful parts of ‘El Silencio’ – the name given to high altitude, uninhabited regions on the pampa – and a sublime part of the route that’s sure to test even the strongest of riders.

Eventually, Cones and Canyons winds its way back down into the relative lowlands (relative to the Andes, that is), from where riders have the opportunity of dropping down valley to connect with Peru’s core Great Divide, pedalling up to Abancay on asphalt to catch a bus to Lima, or striking towards the tourist mecca of Cusco.

For more photos and a full feature on this route, read Ponderings from the Pampa.

  • Cones and Canyons, Peru Divide, Andes Traverse Bikepacking Route P3A
  • Cones and Canyons, Peru Divide, Andes Traverse Bikepacking Route P3A

Diffculty: Cones and Canyons’ main challenge is several extended climbs, an extended stint at 4500m+, and a succession of 5000m passes. The first is straight out of Arequipa, so be sure to allow extra days in your schedule to acclimatise if this is your starting point – particularly important for those coming from sea level. Although this is a non-technical ride, roads are in variable condition and in an ever-changing state. Resupply points are relatively good though being the Andean backcountry, a grasp of Spanish is very useful. With a minimal setup, this route is completely rideable as long as you stop to take a few extra breaths along the way. Pack too heavy and you’ll likely be pushing…

  • Highlights


  • Must Know


  • Camping


  • Food/H2O


  • Resources


  • Visiting the small settlement of Cotahuasi, situated along the deepest canyon in the world.
  • Experiencing Peru’s El Silencio, the uninhabited, treeless tundra with wild camp spots galore.
  • Rubbing shoulders with llama and alpaca.
  • Cresting a series of 5000m passes.
  • Hanging out in Arequipa, home to a great vibe, good food, and fantastic museums.
  • Direction: I rode this loop north as if you’re heading to Peru for this route alone, Arequipa makes a great starting point to ease into the Peruvian lifestyle and is logistically more straightforward to get to. However, it’s just as good riding south, particularly as part of the full extended Peru Divide. If acclimatization is a concern, it might be marginally better ridden north to south, although Antabamba makes a less appealing base than Arequipa.
  • Best time ride: Avoid the rainy season at all costs; this ride is best undertaken from April/May to September.
  • Best bike: Any mountain bike style tourer will work, the key component being to pack as light as possible. Plus tires are a definite boon in places.
  • Pack light; this ride has a number of challenging climbs on a varied smorgasbord of terrain. Keeping your bike light will make all the difference to your enjoyment of this ride.
  • NB: allow time to acclimatise, particularly if coming from sea level. If heading north, break up the climb out of Arequipa into two. Take it easy for the first week and turn off to Chivay to rest up further if needed.
  • Cruz del Sur is a safe, reliable bus company that runs from Lima to Arequipa and from Abancay back to Lima. There is a small for a bike. Bikes can be boxed or you can just remove the wheels.
  • The ride ends in Santa Rosa; from there it’s an easy pedal or bus to Abancay (through which big bus companies operate) or downhill to the beginning of the Peru Divide.
  • Arequipa has great museums, including the Monasterio de Santa Catalina and the Museo Santuarios Andinos, both of which are well worth visiting.
  • Cotahuasi makes a good spot for a full resupply roughly midway through the ride; there are lots of dirt road side trips to be enjoyed through the canyon if you feel like taking a break.
  • Most settlements will have a basic hospedaje of sorts. Larger towns offer a greater selection with sporadic Wifi. See map for locations.
  • Wild camping is rarely an issue.
  • The Peruvian mountains are generally a safe place but always camp out of eyesight where possible.
  • Water is readily available throughout the ride, for the most part; bring a means to purify it.
  • Capacity to carry 3 days of food will be ample. All basic settlements will have simple supplies. If you run out of food, knock and ask to buy some potatoes!
  • The website Andes By Bike is the go-to source of info for the Peruvian Andes and up to date road conditions.
  • Check out Ryan Wilson’s fantastic photostory on the Valle de Los Volcanes

Terms of Use: As with each bikepacking route guide published on, should you choose to cycle this route, do so at your own risk. Prior to setting out check current local weather, conditions, and land/road closures. While riding, obey all public and private land use restrictions and rules, carry proper safety and navigational equipment, and of course, follow the #leavenotrace guidelines. The information found herein is simply a planning resource to be used as a point of inspiration in conjunction with your own due-diligence. In spite of the fact that this route, associated GPS track (GPX and maps), and all route guidelines were prepared under diligent research by the specified contributor and/or contributors, the accuracy of such and judgement of the author is not guaranteed. LLC, its partners, associates, and contributors are in no way liable for personal injury, damage to personal property, or any other such situation that might happen to individual riders cycling or following this route.

  • Peter

    Another beautiful route in the Andes that goes on my bucket list – thanks Cass!!!!!
    A quick question: would you know how easy it is to get fuel for an alcohol stove along the route. Many thanks!

  • Drunken Interlocutor

    Your photos are very, very good. Many thanks for sharing.
    Cheers from Out There,

  • Howard Matthew

    agreed great photography – what’s your set up Cass?

  • Cass Gilbert


    It’s rarely an issue to get denatured alcohol/meths in Peru. Just ask for Ron de Quemar in a hardware store, or Alcohol Pura in an off license/liquor store. The latter burns especially well!

  • Cass Gilbert

    Thank you DI!

  • Cass Gilbert

    On this trip, I had my Canon 5dMk3 with a 35mm f2 lens and a 50mm f1.8 lens. But I now generally carry the equivalent lenses with a Fuji XT-2. Both are great cameras. The Canon has fantastic battery live and IQ and the Fuji is super small and discreet.

  • Brings back memories of the Andes. Awesome photos Cass make me want to go back!

  • Nicholas Gigliotti

    Incredible Cass!
    Given that there isn’t any singletrack, is this within the realm of possibility for a 700×45 setup?

  • Cass Gilbert

    I’m sure people ride this route on all kinds of wheels/tires… where there’s a will there’s way! But given how rough the conditions can be at times, I prefer a wider rim/tire. The key is to go light if you want to ride and not push!

  • mikeetheviking


    Your photos keep getting better and better.

  • How fit were you Cass before setting out on this cycle? I’m eyeing up for August but due to FT work no way I’ll be able to get anywhere near the practice in. Normally I just get fit as I go but this looks fairly tough!

  • Cass Gilbert

    Tricky question! I didn’t ‘train’. But I commute regularly, I live at 2000m, and I know how my body reacts at altitude. It starts with a BIG climb, so whatever you do, take it easy and allow plenty of time to acclimatise. It’s a tough ride for sure, but very do-able with a light setup. Enjoy, it’s a great part of the world!

  • Chris

    Hi Cass, I was about to post a couple days back to say how awesome Cones and Canyons has been but today not so much. We were turned back by some mine workers at mile 160 , private property, not possible to ride any further. Loads of mine activity and a much wider road being built. So back to Caylloma we went. No way to get through to Cotohuasi. We may regroup and transport to the finish start North end of Tres Cordilleras route and ride an abbreviated version of that route south to Sorata. Hmmm

  • Cass Gilbert

    Sorry, just got saw this!

    That’s too bad. I expect you had some real sticklers. I asked the head honcho when I was there and technically, the mine is in the process of closing down and being handed back to the community. Maybe the new road is for another mine? I’ll look into it.

    For anyone else riding this route… if you do come up with any issues, you can also ask to catch a ride through on one of the mine trucks. The guys wanted me to do the same – to help me out and make sure I was ‘safe’ – but I said I’d prefer to ride.

    As you may have seen, you can reroute round the mine via the unpaved road to Orcopampa, but it’s not as nice.

  • Chris

    Hi Cass, great to hear back from you! What have you been doing, riding bikes?
    No I didn’t know about a reroute to Orcopampa. We ended up back tracking to Caymallo and had a really nice ride to Espinar then a bus ride to Sicuani which would have been a fine paved ride. Then got back on gravel and a beautiful ride north to rejoin Tres Cordilleras West of Phinaya and rode south to Lake Titicaca. All in all an awesome tour and are having a difficult time deciding where to return to – Bolivia or Peru or Ecuador! The mining encounter is just how it is down there and luck of the draw. I felt lucky to have the Mapout app which makes it so easy to re`draw a new route on the fly